January 8, 2014
A New Edition of Bioethics is Available
Bioethics (Volume 28, No. 2, February 2013) is now available online by subscription only.
- “Islamic Bioethics: The Inevitable Interplay of ‘Texts’ and ‘Contexts’” by Mohammed Ghaly
- “Pre-modern Islamic Medical Ethics and Graeco-Islamic-Jewish Embryology” by Mohammed Ghaly
- “Do Motives Matter in Male Circumcision? ‘Conscientious Objection’ Against the Circumcision of a Muslim Child with a Blood Disorder” by Ayesha Ahmad
- “To Donate a Kidney: Public Perspectives from Pakistan” by Farhat Moazam, et al.
- “Rituals of Infant Death: Defining Life and Islamic Personhood” by Alison Shaw
- “Islamic Views on Artificial Nutrition and Hydration in Terminally Ill Patients” by Sami Alsolamy
A New Edition of The Journal of the American Medical Association is Available
The Journal of the American Medical Association (Volume 310, No. 23, December 18, 2013) is now available online by subscription only.
- “Rethinking Reanalysis” by Dimitri A. Christakis and Frederick J. Zimmerman
- “Enhancing Physicians’ Use of Clinical Guidelines” by Peter J. Pronovost
- “The Optimal Practice of Evidence-Based Medicine: Incorporating Patient Preferences in Practice Guidelines” by Victor M. Montori, et al.
- “Medical Communication Companies and Continuing Medical Education: Clouding the Sunshine?” by Lisa M. Schwartz and Steven Woloshin
- “Medical Communication Companies and Industry Grants” by Sheila M. Rothman, et al.
- “Suicides Among Military Personnel” by Remington L. Nevin and Elspeth Cameron Ritchie
- “New Law Allows Organ Transplants From Deceased HIV-Infected Donors to HIV-Infected Recipients” by Preeti N. Malani, et al.
- “Clinicians Examine Advances and Challenges in Improving Quality of End-of-Life Care in the ICU” by Jill Jin
A New Edition of Cell Stem Cell is Available
Cell Stem Cell (Volume 14, No. 1, January 2014) is now available online by subscription only.
- “ESCaping Rejection: A Step Forward for Embryonic-Stem-Cell-Based Regenerative Medicine” by Tim Willinger and Richard A. Flavell
- “The Race for Regeneration: Pluripotent-Stem-Cell-Derived 3D Kidney Structures” by Valerie Gouon-Evans
- “Enhanced Telomere Rejuvenation in Pluripotent Cells Reprogrammed via Nuclear Transfer Relative to Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells” by Rongrong Le, et al.
- “Redefining the In Vivo Origin of Metanephric Nephron Progenitors Enables Generation of Complex Kidney Structures from Pluripotent Stem Cells” by Atsuhiro Taguchi, et al.
- “Contractile Forces Sustain and Polarize Hematopoiesis from Stem and Progenitor Cells” by Jae-Won Shin, et al.
January 7, 2014
Human stem cells are converted to functional lung cells
For the first time, scientists have succeeded in transforming human stem cells into functional lung and airway cells. The advance, reported by Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) researchers, has significant potential for modelling lung disease, screening drugs, studying human lung development and, ultimately, generating lung tissue for transplantation. (Irish Medical Times)
January 6, 2014
Quest to grow human organs inside pigs in Japan
The ultimate objective of this research is to get human organs to grow inside pigs. By itself, that would be a massive breakthrough for science. But what Prof Nakauchi is trying to achieve goes further. He is hoping to develop a technique to take skin cells from a human adult and change them in to iPS cells. Those iPS cells can then be injected into a pig embryo. (BBC)
December 31, 2013
Boy who fought ‘under 12 rule’ gets lung transplant
A young boy who spent months lying a few beds away from Sarah Murnaghan at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia awaiting a lung transplant received new lungs and is now recovering, his mother said Monday. Twelve-year-old Javier Acosta underwent an adult double-lung transplant on Oct. 13, but his mother, Milagros Martinez, didn’t want to announce it until he recovered from surgery. (ABC News)
December 30, 2013
Will brain-dead patients’ families consent to organ donation?
Many families refuse to sign the organ donation cards of their beloved ones, issued by the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation (SCOT), because they cannot come to grips with the fact that their relative, who is brain-dead, will not come back to life. Dr. Faisal Shaheen, SCOT director, said the center encounters great difficulty in convincing brain-dead patients’ families to sign donation cards. (Saudi Gazette)
December 28, 2013
Healthbeat: Would organ donors also give hands, face? UNOS to set policies for new transplants
Sure your liver or kidney could save someone’s life. But would you donate your hands, or your face? Signing up to become an organ donor may get more complicated than just checking a box on your driver’s license. The government is preparing to regulate the new field of hand and face transplants like it does standard organ transplants, giving more Americans who are disabled or disfigured by injury, illness or combat a chance at this radical kind of reconstruction. (Associated Press)
December 19, 2013
A New Edition of Journal of Medical Ethics is Available
Journal of Medical Ethics (Volume 40, No. 1, January 2014) is now available online by subscription only.
- “The human body as property? Possession, control and commodification” by Imogen Goold, et al.
- “Why does it matter how we regulate the use of human body parts?” by Imogen Goold
- “The argument for property rights in body parts: scarcity of resources” by Simon Douglas
- “Dignity and the use of body parts” by Charles Foster
- “A legal market in organs: the problem of exploitation” by Kate Greasley
- “Would it be ethical to use motivational interviewing to increase family consent to deceased solid organ donation?” by Isra Black, Lisa Forsberg
Toddler recovers after so-called 5-organ transplant
While the announcement of a five-organ transplant on someone so young garnered widespread media attention, the hospital counted the organs differently than the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network, the national organization that manages the transplant waiting list. OPTN counts Adonis’ surgery as a three-organ transplant, because OPTN doesn’t count digestive organs separately. (ABC News)
December 13, 2013
Human trafficking in Costa Rica
There were 28 reported victims of human trafficking reported up in Cota Rica up to October 2013 for this year. Thirteen fell victim to organ extraction and trafficking rings, according to a U.N. report from the Office on Drugs and Crime and the Costa Rican Judicial Investigation Police. (The Costa Rican Times)
December 5, 2013
Transplant doctors concerned about China organ trade
Organ transplant doctors at a conference in Sydney say they are concerned about unethical transplant practices in China, but remain undecided on reports of organ harvesting from prisoners of conscience. The specialists attending the International Society for Organ Donation and Procurement (ISODP) Congress in Sydney were united in their opposition to China’s admitted practice of using organs from prisoners on death row. Their understanding was vague, however, on the extent of the Chinese regime’s criminal behaviour, in light of an independent report on illegal organ harvesting in China. (The Epoch Times)
December 4, 2013
Living without a pulse: Engineering a better artificial heart
Unfortunately, more often than not, the new heart doesn’t arrive in time. That’s why Cohn and his mentor — veteran heart surgeon Dr. O.H “Bud” Frazier — are working to develop a long-term, artificial replacement for the failing human heart. Unlike existing short-term devices that emulate the beating organ, the new machine would propel blood through the body at a steady pace so that its recipients will have no heartbeat at all. (CNN)
December 3, 2013
Desperation for money pushes Turks to sell their kidneys
Turkish police have launched an investigation into online adverts posted by people allegedly so desperate for money they are offering to sell their kidneys, local media reported Monday.The adverts were apparently linked to an organ trafficking ring which had been carrying out illegal kidney removals and transplants in Turkey as well as Egypt, India, Iran and Iraq and was busted by police in October. (Middle East Online)
December 2, 2013
Disabled baby denied heart transplant
Maverick was born with a severe heart defect, and even after two surgeries was in heart failure. Doctors had discussed a heart transplant with Maverick’s parents, but at the meeting they said he didn’t qualify for a new heart because he had a rare genetic defect that put him at a high risk for tumors and infections. A heart transplant would be too risky, they explained. As Chenkus did her research on Maverick’s genetic condition, she couldn’t believe her eyes. Not one of the studies she read mentioned anything about an increased risk for tumors or infections. She e-mailed one study’s author, and he confirmed she was right. (CNN)
November 20, 2013
Teenager, 17, becomes world’s youngest stem cell donor after family friend was diagnosed with leukemia
The British schoolgirl was spurred on to donate her cells after a family friend was tragically diagnosed with leukaemia earlier this year. Without her parents knowledge the A-level pupil signed up to the Anthony Nolan bone marrow register in February when she was just 16. In just a few months she was identified as a perfect match to a patient suffering from blood cancer and made a donation at a London Clinic last month. (Daily Mail)
14,000 patients on waiting list for kidney transplant
Saudi Arabia ranks fourth in the world in kidney transplant requirements. There are currently about 14,000 patients on the waiting list for transplant. Dr. Faisal Shaheen, director of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, said at a press conference in Jeddah on Saturday that the Kingdom needs around 600 donors per year. (Arab News)
November 19, 2013
Kevin needs a kidney, ‘So donate maybe’
Kevin Schnurr, 27, has been waiting for a kidney transplant for more than a year, so he created a Facebook page to help him find a donor. Its message? “Hey I just met you, and this is crazy. I need a kidney, so donate maybe.” (ABC News)
Paying for body parts: A dilemma Obamacare doesn’t have to confront–yet
Should a person be allowed to sell his or her body parts? That was the question being debated several nights ago at the New York Academy of Medicine. The discussion followed a preview screening of a new HBO documentary, “Tales from the Organ Trade.” The consensus answer was as surprising as the documentary’s point-of-view: yes. (Forbes)
November 15, 2013
Condemned man’s request to donate organs raises troubling ethical, medical questions in Ohio
Phillips, 40, wants to give his mother a kidney before he is put to death and donate his heart to his sister afterward. The governor said he is open to the possibility of Phillips donating a kidney or other non-vital organs before he is executed. But Kasich appeared to rule out a post-execution donation. (Associated Press)
November 14, 2013
U.S. to allow transplants of HIV-infected organs
The U.S. is poised to overturn its ban on accepting organs from HIV-positive donors, a move that would lead to organ transplants between infected patients. Legislation approved by the House of Representatives on November 12 seeks to end the 25-year prohibition on HIV-infected organs. It also directs the government to develop guidelines for the subsequent study of “positive-to-positive” transplants. (Scientific American)