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April 16, 2014

The Changing Legal Climate for Physician Aid in Dying

(JAMA) – While once widely rejected as a health care option, physician aid in dying is receiving increased recognition as a response to the suffering of patients at the end of life. With aid in dying, a physician writes a prescription for life-ending medication for an eligible patient. Following the recommendation of the American Public Health Association, the term aid in dying rather than “assisted suicide” is used to describe the practice. In this Viewpoint, we describe the changing legal climate for physician aid in dying occurring in several states.

April 11, 2014

A New Edition of Health Policy and Planning is Available

Health Policy and Planning (Volume 29, No. 2, March 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Impact of user fees on maternal health service utilization and related health outcomes: a systematic review” by Susie Dzakpasu, Timothy Powell-Jackson, and Oona M.R. Campbell
  • “Estimates of performance in the rate of decline of under-five mortality for 113 low- and middle-income countries, 1970–2010” by Stéphane Verguet and Dean T. Jamison
  • “Financial protection in health in Turkey: the effects of the Health Transformation Programme” by Mahmut S Yardim, Nesrin Cilingiroglu, and Nazan Yardim
  • “Health reform and out-of-pocket payments: lessons from China” by Lufa Zhang and Nan Liu
  • “Through the back door: nurse migration to the UK from Malawi and Nepal, a policy critique” by Radha Adhikari and Astrida Grigulis

A New Edition of Christian Bioethics is Available

Christian Bioethics (Volume 20, No. 1, April 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Reformed Christian Bioethics: Developing a Field of Scholarship” by Ryan R. Nash
  • “Reframing the Relevance of Calvinism and the Reformed Tradition for 21st Century Bioethics” by Jon C. Tilburt and Katherine M. Humeniuk
  • “Can Calvin Save Medicine? A Response to Jeff Bishop” by Allen Verhey
  • “Health and Medicine in the Perspective of the Westminster Confession of Faith” by Franklin E. Payne
  • “Calvin and the Duty to Respect a Patient’s Trust” by David T. Ball

A New Edition of Developing World Bioethics is Available

Developing World Bioethics (Volume 14, No. 1, April 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Bioethics and Forensic Psychiatry” by Debora Diniz
  • “Impact of Three Years Training on Operations Capacities of Research Ethics Committees in Nigeria” by Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, et al.
  • “On Abortion: Exploring Psychological Meaning and Attitudes in a Sample of Mexican Gynecologists” by Ma. Luisa Marván, Asunción Álvarez del Río and Zaira Campos
  • “Ethical Issues in Field Trials of Genetically Modified Disease-Resistant Mosquitoes” by David B. Resnik
  • “The Ethics of Engaged Presence: A Framework for Health Professionals in Humanitarian Assistance and Development Work” by Matthew R. Hunt, et al.

A New Edition of Journal of Medical Ethics is Available

Journal of Medical Ethics (Volume 40, No. 4, April 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Freedom and moral enhancement” by Michael J Selgelid
  • “The duty to be Well-informed: The case of depression” by Charlotte Blease
  • “Approaches to suffering at the end of life: the use of sedation in the USA and Netherlands” by Judith AC Rietjens, et al.
  • “Moral concerns with sedation at the end of life” by Charles Douglas
  • “Genetic modifications for personal enhancement: a defence” by Timothy F Murphy
  • “Voluntary moral enhancement and the survival-at-any-cost bias” by  Vojin Rakić
  • “Embryonic viability, parental care and the pro-life thesis: a defence of Bovens” by Jonathan Surovell
  • “Differentiating between human and non-human interspecies embryos” by Calum MacKellar

A New Edition of Health Education Research is Available

Health Education Research (Volume 29, No. 2, April 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Barriers and facilitators in health education for adults with intellectual disabilities—a qualitative study” by H. Bergström, L. S. Elinder, and U. Wihlman
  • “Using the Precaution Adoption Process model to describe a disaster preparedness intervention among low-income Latinos” by Deborah C. Glik, et al.
  • “A televised entertainment-education drama to promote positive discussion about organ donation” by Georges E. Khalil and Lance S. Rintamaki
  • “School-based HIV/AIDS education is associated with reduced risky sexual behaviors and better grades with gender and race/ethnicity differences” by Zhen-qiang Ma, Monica A. Fisher, and Lewis H. Kuller
  • “Including a client sexual health pathway in a national youth mental health early intervention service—project rationale and implementation strategy” by C. A. Edwards, et al.

A New Edition of Clinical Ethics is Available

Clinical Ethics (Volume 9, No. 1, March 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Can informed consent apply to information disclosure? Moral and practical implications” by Jacques Tamin
  • “A principlist approach to presumed consent for organ donation” by Hannah Welbourn
  • “Imperfect informed consent for prenatal screening: Lessons from the Quad screen” by ML Constantine, et al.
  • “Informal ethics consultations in academic health care settings: A quantitative description and a qualitative analysis with a focus on patient participation” by Abraham Rudnick, et al.
  • “The impact of an ethics training programme on the success of clinical ethics services” Andrea Dörries, et al.
  • “Staffs’ perceptions of the ethical landscape in psychiatric inpatient care: A qualitative content analysis of ethical diaries” by Veikko Pelto-Piri, Karin Engström, and Ingemar Engström
  • “The medical record as legal document: When can the patient dictate the content? An ethics case from the Department of Neurology” by Robert Accordino, et al.
  • “Longing to a fetal patient” Tutku Ozdogan, et al.

A New Edition of Public Health Ethics is Available

Public Health Ethics (Volume 7, No. 1, April 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Do Social Networking Sites Enhance the Attractiveness of Risky Health Behavior? Impression Management in Adolescents’ Communication on Facebook and its Ethical Implications” by Julika Loss, Verena Lindacher, and Janina Curbach
  • “Parents’ and Children’s Perceptions of the Ethics of Marketing Energy-Dense Nutrient-Poor Foods on the Internet: Implications for Policy to Restrict Children’s Exposure” by K. P. Mehta, et al.
  • “Using Social Networking Sites for Communicable Disease Control: Innovative Contact Tracing or Breach of Confidentiality?” by Kate L. Mandeville, et al.
  • “Social Networking Sites as a Tool for Contact Tracing: Urge for Ethical Framework for Normative Guidance” by Mart L. Stein, et al.
  • “Beyond Individual Responsibility for Lifestyle: Granting a Fresh and Fair Start to the Regretful” by Sarah Vansteenkiste, Kurt Devooght, and Erik Schokkaert
  • “Recruiting and Educating Participants for Enrollment in HIV-Vaccine Research: Ethical Implications of the Results of an Empirical Investigation” by Sibusiso Sifunda, et al.
  • “Ethical Challenges in Implementation Research” by Ruth Macklin

March 21, 2014

A New Edition of Journal of the American Medical Association is Available

Journal of the American Medical Association (Volume 311, No. 8, February 26,  2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Innovation, Risk, and Patient Empowerment: The FDA-Mandated Withdrawal of 23andMe’s Personal Genome Service” by Nicholas S. Downing and Joseph S. Ross
  • “Returning Pleiotropic Results From Genetic Testing to Patients and Research Participants” by Jonathan M. Kocarnik and Stephanie M. Fullerton
  • “Finding the Role of Health Care in Population Health” by Emma M. Eggleston and Jonathan A. Finkelstein
  • “A Unified Code of Ethics for Health Professionals:  Insights From an IOM Workshop” by Matthew K. Wynia
  • “The Patient-Centered Medical Home:  One Size Does Not Fit All” by Thomas L. Schwenk
  • “Nonspecific Effects of Vaccines” by David Goldblatt and Elizabeth Miller
  • “Live Vaccine Against Measles, Mumps, and Rubella and the Risk of Hospital Admissions for Nontargeted Infections” by Signe Sørup, et al.

A New Edition of The New England Journal of Medicine is Available

The New England Journal of Medicine (Volume 370, No. 9, February 27, 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Preventing and Controlling Influenza with Available Interventions” by T.M. Uyeki
  • “Enterovirus Vaccines for an Emerging Cause of Brain-Stem Encephalitis” by P.C. McMinn
  • “Pancreatic Safety of Incretin-Based Drugs — FDA and EMA Assessment” by A.G. Egan, et al.
  • “DNA Sequencing versus Standard Prenatal Aneuploidy Screening” by D.W. Bianchi, et al.
  • “Beyond Malaria — Causes of Fever in Outpatient Tanzanian Children” by V. D’Acremont, et al.
  • “Efficacy, Safety, and Immunogenicity of an Enterovirus 71 Vaccine in China” by F. Zhu, et al.
  • “An Inactivated Enterovirus 71 Vaccine in Healthy Children” by R. Li, et al.
  • “Attention Deficit–Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents” by H.M. Feldman and M.I. Reiff
  • “Screening for Trisomies in Circulating DNA” by M.F. Greene and E.G. Phimister

A New Edition of Journal of Law and the Biosciences is Available

Journal of Law and the Biosciences (Volume 1, No. 1, March 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Towards an ethics safe harbor for global biomedical research” by Edward S. Dove, et al.
  • “Public preferences and the challenge to genetic research policy” by Rebecca Dresser
  • “The regulation of cognitive enhancement devices: extending the medical model” by Hannah Maslen, et al.
  • “A review of the key issues associated with the commercialization of biobanks” by Timothy Caulfield, et al.

A New Edition of British Medical Bulletin is Available

British Medical Bulletin (Volume 109, No. 1, March 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Implementing tissue engineering and regenerative medicine solutions in medical implants” by Dongxia Ye and Antonio Peramo
  • “A review and update on the current status of retinal prostheses (bionic eye)” by Yvonne H.-L. Luo and Lyndon da Cruz
  • “Neuroendocrinology of obesity” by Benjamin C. T. Field

February 25, 2014

A New Edition of The Journal of the American Medical Association is Available

The Journal of the American Medical Association (Volume 311, No. 7, February 19, 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Medicare Physician Payment Reform:  Will 2014 Be the Fix for SGR?” By Mark McClellan, et al.
  • “Future Oversight of Recombinant DNA Research:  Recommendations of an Institute of Medicine Committee” by Lawrence O. Gostin, et al.
  • “Beyond ACOs and Bundled Payments:  Medicare’s Shift Toward Accountability in Fee-for-Service” by Christopher Chen, and D. Clay Ackerly
  • “Treating Dementia and Agitation” by Gary W. Small
  • “Public Awareness, Perception, and Use of Online Physician Rating Sites” by David A. Hanauer, et al.
  • “Treating Patients With Learning Disabilities” by Donna Lehr, et al.
  • “Polio Eradicated in India” by M. J. Friedrich

A New Edition of Scandinavian Journal of Public Health is Available

Scandinavian Journal of Public Health (Volume 42, No. 13 supplement, February 20, 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Evidence-based evaluation of information: The centrality and limitations of systematic reviews” by Bengt Järvholm and Ingemar Bohlin
  • “Organisation of evidence-based knowledge production: Evidence hierarchies and evidence typologies” by Hanne Foss Hansen
  • “Evidence on public policy: Methodological issues, political issues and examples” by Orazio P Attanasio
  • “Why and for what are clinical trials the gold standard?” by Sven Ove Hansson

A New Edition of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics is Available

Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (Volume 95, No. 3, March 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Progress in Pharmacogenomics: Bridging the Gap From Research to Practice” by I. Cascorbi and R. Tyndale
  • “Warfarin Pharmacogenetics: An Illustration of the Importance of Studies in Minority Populations” by M. A. Perera, et al.
  • “Is There a Need to Teach Pharmacogenetics?” by A. K. Daly
  • “Next-Generation Medicines: Past Regulatory Experience and Considerations for the Future” by M. A. Pacanowski, et al.
  • “Practicability of Pharmacogenetics in Transplantation Medicine” by T. van Gelder, et al.
  • “Strategies for Postmarketing Surveillance of Drugs for Rare Diseases” by A. S. Kesselheim and J. J. Gagne
  • “Cardiovascular Pharmacogenomics: Expectations and Practical Benefits” by R. M. Turner and M. Pirmohamed

A New Edition of Bioethics is Available

Bioethics (Volume 28, No. 3, March 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “2014 International Bioethics Forum Between UK and China and the Professional Development of Bioethics in China” by Li EN-Chang, et al.
  • “Living Organ Procurement from the Mentally Incompetent: The Need for More Appropriate Guidelines” by Kristof Van Assche, et al.
  • “Are Bans on Kidney Sales Unjustifiably Paternalistic?” by Erik Malmqvist
  • “Equity Under the Knife: Justice and Evidence in Surgery” by Wendy Rogers, et al.
  • “A Costly Separation Between Withdrawing and Withholding Treatment in Intensive Care” by Dominic Wilkinson and Julian Savulescu
  • “Are Phase 1 Trials Therapeutic? Risk, Ethics, and Division of Labor” by James A. Anderson and Jonathan Kimmelman
  • “The Nocebo Effect of Informed Consent” by Shlomo Cohen

A New Edition of Clinical Case Studies is Available

Clinical Case Studies (Volume 13, No. 2, April 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for an Arab College Student With Social Phobia and Depression” by Crystal C. McIndoo and Derek R. Hopko
  • “The Use of Videoconference in the Treatment of Panic Disorder With Agoraphobia in a Housebound Woman: A Case Study” by Danielle Lindner, et al.
  • “Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention in a Case of Self-Mutilation” by Paul R. King
  • “Simplified Habit Reversal and Treatment Fading for Chronic Skin Picking in an Adolescent With Autism” by Rachel N. S. Cavalari, et al.

A New Edition of Behaviour & Information Technology is Available

Behaviour & Information Technology (Volume 33, No. 3, March 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Collective activities in a technology-mediated medical team. An analysis of epidemiological alert management” by C. Gaudin, et al.
  • “Technology-mediated information sharing between patients and clinicians in primary care encounters” by Onur Asan & Enid Montague
  • “Observing the use of an input device for rehabilitation purposes” by Cristina Manresa-Yee, et al.
  • “Exploring the potential of virtual worlds in engaging older people and supporting healthy aging” by Panote Siriaraya, et al.
  • “Promoting healthy computer use: timing-informed computer health animations for prolonged sitting computer users” by Sy-Chyi Wang, et al.

February 21, 2014

A New Edition of The New England Journal of Medicine is Available

The New England Journal of Medicine (Volume 370, No. 8, February 20, 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Post-Acute Care Reform — Beyond the ACA” by D.C. Ackerly and D.C. Grabowski
  • “Post-Acute Care — The Next Frontier for Controlling Medicare Spending” by R. Mechanic
  • “The Hospital-Dependent Patient” by D.B. Reuben and M.E. Tinetti
  • “Informed Consent, Comparative Effectiveness, and Learning Health Care” by R.R. Faden, et al.
  • “Informed Consent for Pragmatic Trials — The Integrated Consent Model” by S.Y.H. Kim and F.G. Miller

A New Edition of Medical Law Review is Available

Medical Law Review (Volume 22, No. 1, Winter 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Refusal of Emergency Caesarean Section in Ireland: A Relational Approach” by Katherine Wade
  • “Does Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment Cause Death or Allow the Patient to Die?” by Andrew McGee
  • “Autonomy in the Medic-legal Courtroom: A Principle Fit for Purpose?” by C. Foster
  • “Can I Access My Personal Genome? The Current Legal Position in the UK” by Jane Kaye, et al.
  • “Existential Suffering and the Extent of the Right to Physician-Assisted Suicide in Switzerland” by Isra Black
  • “Anorexia Nervosa, Best Interests, and the Patient’s Human Right to ‘A Wholesale Overwhelming of Her Autonomy’” by John Coggon

A New Edition of The New England Journal of Medicine is Available

The New England Journal of Medicine (Volume 370, No. 7, February 13, 2014) is now available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Choosing Wisely — The Politics and Economics of Labeling Low-Value Services” by N.E. Morden, et al.
  • “PCORI at 3 Years — Progress, Lessons, and Plans” by J.V. Selby and S.H. Lipstein
  • “Open Data” by J.M. Drazen
  • “Undocumented Injustice? Medical Repatriation and the Ends of Health Care” by M.J. Young and L.S. Lehmann

 

The Bioethics Poll
Should individuals and/or institutions be allowed to patent human genes?
Yes
Yes, with some qualifications
No
Undecided


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Which area of research should more money be invested in:
Animal-Human Hybrids
Gene Therapy
Reproductive Technology
Stem Cell Research
"Therapeutic" Cloning
None of the above


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