May 16, 2013
Human stem cells created by cloning
It was hailed some 15 years ago as the great hope for a biomedical revolution: the use of cloning techniques to create perfectly matched tissues that would someday cure ailments ranging from diabetes to Parkinson’s disease. Since then, the approach has been enveloped in ethical debate, tainted by fraud and, in recent years, overshadowed by a competing technology. Most groups gave up long ago on the finicky core method — production of patient-specific embryonic stem cells (ESCs) from cloning. A quieter debate followed: do we still need ‘therapeutic’ cloning? (Nature)
Experiment brings human cloning one step closer
Scientists have used cloning technology to transform human skin cells into embryonic stem cells, an experiment that may revive the controversy over human cloning. The researchers stopped well short of creating a human clone. But they showed, for the first time, that it is possible to create cloned embryonic stem cells that are genetically identical to the person from whom they are derived. (The Wall Street Journal)
March 7, 2013
De-extinction: Can cloning bring extinct species back to life?
At some point in the next decade, if advances in biotechnology continue on their current path, clones of extinct species such as the passenger pigeon, Tasmanian tiger and wooly mammoth could once again live among us. (Scientific American)
January 23, 2013
‘I can create Neanderthal baby, I just need a willing woman’
A scientist has said it would be possible to clone a Neanderthal baby from ancient DNA if he could find a woman willing to act as a surrogate. (The Telegraph)
December 19, 2012
Human cloning ‘within 50 years’
Parents who lose children in accidents may be able to clone ‘copies’ to replace them within 50 years, a British scientist who won this year’s Nobel prize for medicine predicted. (The Telegraph)
October 29, 2012
Could the human clones of ‘Cloud Atlas’ be in our future?
A dystopian society supported by genetically modified clone workers stands out among the six stories that make up the sprawling film “Cloud Atlas.” The idea may seem far-fetched because of political opposition to human cloning and genetic modification in today’s world, but the science is closer than many people may think. (Live Science)
October 12, 2012
Scientist who helped clone Dolly the sheep dies
Keith Campbell, a prominent biologist who worked on cloning Dolly the sheep, has died at 58, the University of Nottingham said Thursday. (Huffington Post)
September 25, 2012
Cell scientist pushes to clone extinct mammoth
A South Korean private bioengineering laboratory led by disgraced stem cell scientist Hwang Woo-suk said Monday it is stepping up efforts to make progress in cloning an extinct woolly mammoth. (The Korea Herarld)
September 10, 2012
Incomplete methylation reprogramming in SCNT embryos
The cloning of Dolly the sheep was a remarkable demonstration of the oocyte’s ability to reprogram a specialized nucleus. However, embryos derived from such somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) very rarely result in live births—a fate that may be linked to observed epigenetic defects. A new genome-wide study shows that epigenetic reprogramming in SCNT embryos does not fully recapitulate the natural DNA demethylation events occurring at fertilization, resulting in aberrant methylation at some promoters and repetitive elements that may contribute to developmental failure. (Nature)
September 23, 2011
US Permanently Bans Patents for Human Embryos
The United States has mandated a permanent ban in issuing patents on human embryos. President Barack Obama signed the prohibition into law Sept. 16 as part of a patent reform measure titled the “America Invents Act.” (Christian Post)
August 15, 2011
Few replicas as first cloned cat nears 10
Nearly 10 years after scientists cloned the first cat, predictions of a vast commercial market for the “resurrection” of beloved pets through cloning have fallen flat. (The Independent)
July 15, 2011
Australia Stem Cell Regs Withstand Scrutiny
Rejecting arguments that Australian stem cell regulations are too permissive, an independent panel on 7 July has advised the government not to alter the rules. (Science Insider)
June 24, 2011
Should we clone Neanderthals?
I am at a conference in Dubai on science, religion and modernity, and the best question to come up was “should we clone Neanderthals?” Let’s assume the kind of technical progress which would make this look like a possibly ethical thing to do: the failure rate with mammalian cloning has been so high that it really would be rather dodgy to inflict the process on a human being. (Guradian.co.uk)
June 17, 2011
Bill Aimed At Ending Human Embryo Cloning Would Prevent Research, Ohio Scientists Say
Some Ohio lawmakers say they want to ban embryonic human cloning. But some Ohio scientists say the bill legislators have drafted would prevent research and development companies from coming in to the buckeye state. (Idea Stream)
June 13, 2011
Cloning still unpopular: Gallup poll
Gallup’s annual Values and Beliefs poll shows that 84% of Americans still oppose human cloning. It was ranked the third most unpopular issue, before polygamy (86% opposed) and adultery (91% opposed). (BioEdge)
April 21, 2011
New Issue of Journal of Bioethical Inquiry is Now Available
Journal of Bioethical Inquiry (Volume 8, Issue 1, March 2011) is now available by subscription only.
- “Editorial” by Kate Cregan, 1.
- “Issues and Challenges in Research on the Ethics of Medical Tourism: Reflections from a Conference” by Jeremy Snyder, Valorie Crooks and Leigh Turner, 3-6.
- “Recent Developments” by Cameron Stewart, Bill Madden, Tina Cockburn and John Coggon, 7-12.
- “Symposium: Neuroethics and Mental Health—Old Wine in New Bottles or a Legitimate New Field of Bioethical Inquiry” Michael Robertson, 13-14.
- “‘This is Why you’ve Been Suffering’: Reflections of Providers on Neuroimaging in Mental Health Care” by Emily Borgelt, Daniel Z. Buchman and Judy Illes, 15-25.
- “Psychiatric Molecular Genetics and the Ethics of Social Promises” by John Z. Sadler, 27-34.
- “The Gold-Plated Leucotomy Standard and Deep Brain Stimulation” by Grant Gillett, 35-44.
- “Criminal Law as It Pertains to Patients Suffering from Psychiatric Diseases by Maxwell R. Bennett and Peter M. S. Hacker, 45-58.
- “A New Challenge for Research Ethics: Incidental Findings in Neuroimaging” by Bert Heinrichs, 59-65.
- “What Constitutes Adequate Public Consultation? Xenotransplantation Proceeds in Australia” by Peta S. Cook, 67-70.
- “Art and Bioethics: Shifts in Understanding Across Genres” Paul Ulhas Macneill and Bronaċ Ferran, 71-85.
- “One Flu Over The Cuckoo’s Nest: Comparing Legislated Coercive Treatment for Mental Illness with that for Other Illness” by Christopher James Ryan, 87-93.
- “Petryna, Adriana. 2009. When experiments travel: Clinical trials and the global search for human subjects” by Kevin A. Schulman, 95-96.
- “Republication: In that Case” by Malcolm Parker,97-98.
- “Response” by Robert King,99.
- “Response” by Tony Wild,101-102.
- “Response” by Christopher James Ryan, 103-104.
- “In That Case” by Bill Lukin, 105-106.
- “Erratum: “This is Why you’ve Been Suffering”: Reflections of Providers on Neuroimaging in Mental Health Care” by Emily Borgelt, Daniel Z. Buchman and Judy Illes, 107.
Posted by Makilah Witt
Posted in Biotech / Pharma
, Clinical / Medical
, End of Life
, Euthanasia / Suicide
, General Bioethics
, Genetic Ethics
, Global Bioethics
, Human Enhancement
, Journal Articles
, Public Health
, Reproductive Ethics
, Research Ethics
March 11, 2011
Fischbach aims to ban cell procedure
Fischbach, R-Paynesville, and Rep. Bob Dettmer, R-Forest Lake, have introduced matching bills to ban human applications of the procedure known as somatic cell nuclear transfer. (St Cloud Times)
February 25, 2011
New Zealand: Animal death toll ends cloning trials
Unacceptable death rates of laboratory animals have forced AgResearch to end its cloning trials. But the science agency says it will continue to create more genetically engineered animals using new research methods. (Stuff.co.nz)
January 21, 2011
New Issue of The New England Journal of Medicine is Now Available
The New England Journal of Medicine (Volume 363, Issue 25, December 16, 2010) is now available on-line and by subscription only.
“Health Care Reform — What Went Wrong on the Way to the Courthouse” Mark A. Hall, J.D., available on-line.
December 22, 2010
Canada: Court to rule on cloning and reproduction law
Quebec is challenging several sections of the Assisted Human Reproduction Act, claiming parts of the law go too far and infringe on provincial jurisdiction. The province says it has no problem with parts of the law that outlaw chimeras — the creation of human-animal hybrids — but maintains other sections, such as how embryos are handled and how consent can be given, should be regulated by the province. (Calgary Sun)
December 10, 2010
Scientists Still Pushing for Human Cloning Amid Media Blackout
While the subject of cloning has not been in the news lately, people should realize that there are some scientists who still want human clones, and politicians pushing for approval of human cloning for experiments. (LifeNews.com)