April 29, 2011
New Issue of NanoEthics is Now Available
NanoEthics (Volume 5, Issue 1, April 2011) is now available by subscription only.
- “Nano-Technology, Ethics, and Risk” by Wade L. Robison, 1-13.
- “Trust in Nanotechnology? On Trust as Analytical Tool in Social Research on Emerging Technologies” by Trond Grønli Åm, 15-28.
- “The Renaissance of Francis Bacon:On Bacon’s Account of Recent Nano-Technoscience” by Jan Cornelius Schmidt, 29-41.
- “Animal Disenhancement and the Non-Identity Problem: A Response to Thompson” by Clare Palmer, 43-48.
- “Trustworthy Nanotechnology: Risk, Engagement and Responsibility” by Bjørn K. Myskja, 49-56.
- “Mapping Uncertainties in the Upstream: The Case of PLGA Nanoparticles in Salmon Vaccines” by Kåre Nolde Nielsen, Børge Nilsen Fredriksen and Anne Ingeborg Myhr, 57-61.
- “Precaution or Integrated Responsibility Approach to Nanovaccines in Fish Farming? A Critical Appraisal of the UNESCO Precautionary Principle” by Anne Ingeborg Myhr and Bjørn K. Myskja, 73-86.
- “Centre and Periphery of Nano—A Norwegian Context” by Kåre Nolde Nielsen, Trond Grønli Åm and Rune Nydal, 87-98.
- “Conversations About Responsible Nanoresearch” by Kamilla Lein Kjølberg and Roger Strand,99-113.
- “Trust as Glue in Nanotechnology Governance Networks” by Heidrun Åm, 115-128.
ReNeuron confirms it does not use human embryonic stem cells
ReNeuron Group plc (LON:RENE) confirmed it does not utilise human embryonic stem cells in its own research and development programmes, responding to developments in an ongoing European legal case involving a German party. (Proactive Investors)
Surrogate children have no right to German passport, court rules
In a crucial decision on surrogate births, a court ruled this week that a child born to a surrogate mother in India has no right to a German passport despite having a German biological father. (The Local)
Maternal Deaths on the Rise in California
A new report shows an upward trend in pregnancy-related deaths in California and that African-American women are most at risk. (Capital Public Radio)
NIH Wins Appeal of Stem Cell Injunction
federal appeals court has ruled in favor of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in a high-stakes law suit challenging the legality of the Obama Administration’s policy on human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). (Science Insider)
Chinese women arrive as pregnant tourists, leave with American babies
California officials have closed a makeshift ward for Chinese “maternity tourists” who had paid tens of thousands of dollars to deliver their babies in the US, making their babies automatic American citizens. About 10 women and their babies were sent to nearby motels. (BioEdge)
Canadian doctors debate transplants for foreigners
Canadian transplant surgeons are debating the ethics of transplanting the organs of foreign nationals. In some cases, according to the National Post, a surgeon wanted to operate on a foreign patient, but the hospital would not let him. Some hospitals do not welcome foreign patients, but at least one hospital, Toronto General, is performing a few operations for foreign patients who provide their own organ. (BioEdge)
First partial transplant of a bioengineered larynx
EARLIER this year came news of a second successful voice box transplant. But the recipient, Brenda Jensen, was able to have a new larynx only because she was already taking immunosuppressant drugs to stop her transplanted kidney and pancreas being rejected. (New Scientist)
China considers financial incentives to promote organ donation
The Chinese government is considering offering financial incentives to people to voluntarily donate organs. In 2007 China banned organ transplants from living donors, except spouses, blood relatives and step or adopted family members. In 2009 it launched a national system to coordinate donation after death to counter a thriving black market in organs. (Reuters)
Convicted rapist next in line for organ transplant
Convicted rapist Kenneth Pike, of New York, was expected to undergo a life-saving heart transplant that could have cost as much as US$800,000, a price that would have been funded by taxpayers. The expense angered several crime victim advocates and community members, who said they could not understand how the justice system can provide expensive services for convicted felons arguably at innocent patients’ expense. Pike ultimately turned down the transplant, but some significant bioethical questions remain. Should taxpayers bear the financial brunt of medical treatment for convicted criminals, especially if those taxpayers are struggling to pay their own medical bills? (BioEdge)
Germany debates preimplantation genetic diagnosis
Germany is considering alternative proposals for a new law on the use ofpreimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). (PHD Foundation)
April 28, 2011
Thirty Years After 1st American “Test-Tube Baby,” Economy May Be Biggest Obstacle for Infertile CouplesThirty Years After 1st American “Test-Tube Baby,” Economy May Be Biggest Obstacle for Infertile Couples
Thirty years after the first American baby from in vitro fertilization (IVF), Arizona’s economic woes have all but replaced the limits of medical know-how as the chief reason infertile couples aren’t seeking help, says the medical director of Arizona’s largest fertility clinic. (PR Newswire)
More U.S. women using “morning-after” pill: study
More U.S. women seem to be using the “morning-after” pill now that the emergency contraceptive is available over-the-counter, a new study finds. (Reuters)
Declining Chinese Birth Rate Could Doom One-Child Policy
Preliminary results from China’s census, released today at a press conference in Beijing, reveal a population that is older, rapidly urbanizing, and growing more slowly, with a widening gap between male and female births. Those demographic changes, combined with comments Tuesday by President Hu Jintao, suggest the country’s controversial one-child policy is under review and may be, at least in its current form, on its way out. (Science)
Stem cell treatments threatened by European patents ruling
Work on revolutionary medical treatments for incurable diseases is in danger of being wiped out by a European court ruling on embryonic stem cells, according to leading scientists. (Guardian)
Mercy killer escapes jail over ‘agonising conflict’
A man who suffocated his chronically ill partner with a plastic bag has avoided jail, with a judge saying he was faced with an “agonising conflict”. (The Sydney Morning Herald)
Face Transplants: Ethics and Myths
The April 27, 2011 report that Mitch Hunter,3o, had undergone a successful face transplant at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, has revitalized curiosity as well as some persistent myths about this revolutionary surgical procedure. Hunter, from Indiana, is the fourth person in the United States to undergo facial transplantation. It is hard to determine exactly how many of these delicate and controversial operations have been done worldwide, however it’s been reported that full or partial face transplants have been performed in Britain, France, Spain, and China. (Technorati)
Avoiding Ethical Quandaries In Embryo Donation
When it’s most successful, in vitro fertilization, or IVF, yields far more embryos than a couple could ever use (unless that couple is the offspring-obsessed Duggar family). There are frequently frozen embryos left over, and the options for what to do with them are limited: destroy them, donate them to research — or, rarely, to other couples — or continue storing them in liquid nitrogen for a fee. (Time)
Selecting for Sons: Indian Women in the US
Sex selection technologies and sex-selective abortion are legally prohibited in India, where their use in the service of son preference has produced dramatically skewed sex ratios. But Indian immigrants to the US face no official barriers to using new technologies to ensure the births of sons. Their experiences and voices are explored in a pioneering article in Social Science & Medicine [abstract] by UC San Francisco medical doctor Sunita Puri and colleagues. (BioPolitical Times)
“Baby Joseph” returns to Canada, breathing on his own
Joseph Maraachli, the boy whose family refused to accept a Canadian hospital’s recommendation to remove his breathing tube and allow him to die, is now breathing on his own without the assistance of a mechanical ventilator. The family flew back to their home in Ontario last week, one month after Joseph received a tracheotomy at a children’s hospital in St Louis, Missouri. (BioEdge)
April 27, 2011
Over 4,000 test tube babies born in HCMC hospital
More than 4,000 test tube babies were born in Ho Chi Minh City’s Tu Du Hospital since the hospital first conducted the reproductive technology 14 years ago. (Thanh Nien)