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November 12, 2007

Implantable microscale neural interfaces

A new article from Biomedical Microdevices is available by subscription only.

Abstract
Implantable neural microsystems provide an interface to the nervous system, giving cellular resolution to physiological processes unattainable today with non-invasive methods. Such implantable microelectrode arrays are being developed to simultaneously sample signals at many points in the tissue, providing insight into processes such as movement control, memory formation, and perception. These electrode arrays have been microfabricated on a variety of substrates, including silicon, using both surface and bulk micromachining techniques, and more recently, polymers. Current approaches to achieving a stable long-term tissue interface focus on engineering the surface properties of the implant, including coatings that discourage protein adsorption or release bioactive molecules. The implementation of a wireless interface requires consideration of the necessary data flow, amplification, signal processing, and packaging. In future, the realization of a fully implantable neural microsystem will contribute to both diagnostic and therapeutic applications, such as a neuroprosthetic interface to restore motor functions in paralyzed patients.

Are nanoparticles potential male reproductive toxicants? A literature review

A new article from Nanotoxicology is now available by subscription only.

Abstract
The rapid advancement of nanotechnology has prompted the need to investigate the health effects of nanoparticles and nanomaterials. The current focus of health and safety investigations has targeted routes of exposure and potential deposition, translocation, and adverse effects in primary and major secondary target organs. Few studies have looked at deposition in reproductive organs, and even fewer have assessed potential adverse effects on germline cells. This review summarizes the current published research on deposition/translocation of nanoparticles to the male reproductive organs and germline cells, and the potential cytotoxic effects.

July 31, 2007

A new issue of Pediatric Transplantation

As pre-released online. Full content is available by subscription only.

Original Articles

“Heart transplantation: Literature review” by Elfriede Pahl

A new issue of Developing World

As pre-released online. Full content is available by subscription only.

Original Articles

“Global Health Ethics for Students” by Andrew D. Pinto and Ross E.G. Upshur

July 30, 2007

A new issue of Clinical Transplantation

As pre-released online. Full content is available by subscription only.

Case Reports

“Reuse of liver graft from a brain dead recipient” by Otmane Nafidi, Richard Letourneau, Bernard E. Willems and Real W. Lapointe

Original Articles

“Intracellular ATP concentrations of CD4 cells in kidney transplant patients with and without infection” by Pablo Sánchez-Velasco, Emilio Rodrigo, Rosalía Valero, Juan Carlos Ruiz, Gema Fernández-Fresnedo, Marcos López-Hoyos, Celestino Piñera, Rosa Palomar, Francisco Leyva-Cobián and Manuel Arias

A new issue of Journal of the American Geriatrics

As pre-released online. Full content is available by subscription only.

“Measuring the Quality of Dying in Long-Term Care” by Jean C. Munn, PhD, Sheryl Zimmerman, PhD, Laura C. Hanson, MD, MPH, Christianna S. Williams, PhD, Philip D. Sloane, MD, MPH, Elizabeth C. Clipp, PhD, RN, James A. Tulsky, MD, and Karen E. Steinhauser, PhD

July 26, 2007

A new issue of Clinical Genetics

As pre-released online. Full content is available by subscription only.

“A comparison of counselee and counselor satisfaction in reproductive genetic counseling” by CM Aalfs, FJ Oort, JCJM de Haes, NJ Leschot EMA Smets

July 17, 2007

A new Issue of Sport, Ethics and Philosophy

Volume 1, Issue 2 of Sports, Ethics and Philosophy is now available. Full content available through paid subscription.

Original Articles

“Transcending human limitations”by Claudio M. Tamburrini; Torbjörn Tännsjö, P.113 – 118

“Doctoring risk: Responding to risk-taking in athletes” by Lynley Anderson, P. 119 – 134

“Doping under medical control – conceptually possible but impossible in the world of professional sports?” by Søren Holm, P. 135 – 145

“Genetics, bioethics and sport” by Andy Miah, P.146 – 158

“Respecting privacy in detecting illegitimate enhancements in athletes” by Sarah Teetzel, P. 159 – 170

“Genetic enhancement, sports and relational autonomy” by Susan Sherwin, P. 171 – 180

“Whose prometheus? Transhumanism, biotechnology and the moral topography of sports medicine” by Mike McNamee, P. 181 – 194

“‘Human-ness’, ‘dehumanisation’ and performance enhancement” by Leon Culbertson, P. 195 – 217

“Is enhancement in sport really unfair? Arguments on the concept of competition and equality of opportunities” by Christian Lenk, P. 218 – 228

“What’s wrong with genetic inequality? The impact of genetic technology on elite sports and society” by Claudio M. Tamburrini, P. 229 – 238

“Who’s afraid of Stella Walsh? On gender, ‘gene cheaters’, and the promises of cyborg athletes” by Kutte Jönsson, P. 239 – 262

July 11, 2007

A new Issue of Bioethics

Volume 7, issue 7 of Bioethics is now available. Full content available by subscription only.

“Has the Spread of HPV Vaccine Marketing Conveyed Immunity to Common Sense?” by Glenn McGee; Summer Johnson, p. 1

Review of David A. Shore (ed.), The Trust Crisis in Healthcareby Sigrid Fry-Revere, P. 50

A new Issue of Pain Medicine

Volume 8, Issue 4 of Pain Medicine available. Full content available only with subscription.

“Guiding Principles for the Pain Medicine PhysicianIn a Not So Ideal World” by B. Todd Sitzman, MD, MPH, P. 293–294

“A Revised Taxonomy of Patients with Chronic Pain” by Christine E. Sheffer, PhD, Julie A. Deisinger, PhD, Jeffrey E. Cassisi, PhD, and Kenneth Lofland, PhD, P. 312–325

“MindBody Interventions for Chronic Pain in Older Adults: A Structured Review” by Natalia E. Morone, MD, MSc, and Carol M. Greco, PhD, P. 359–375

Book Reviews

Core Curriculum for Professional Education in Pain (3rd Edition): A Report of the Committee on Education of the International Association for the Study of Pain by Sharon Leano, MD, and Donna Kalauokalani, MD, MPH, P. 392–393

Emerging Strategies for the Treatment of Neuropathic Pain by Kerry Tobias, DO, and Donna Kalauokalani, MD, MPH, P. 394–395

July 10, 2007

A new Issue of The American Geriatrics Society

As pre-released online. Full content is available by subscription only.

“Increased Satisfaction with Care and Lower Costs: Results of a Randomized Trial of In-Home Palliative Care” by Richard Brumley, MD, Susan Enguidanos, PhD, MPH, Paula Jamison, BA, Rae Seitz, MD, Nora Morgenstern, MD, Sherry Saito, MD, Jan McIlwane, MSW, Kristine Hillary, RNP, and Jorge Gonzalez, BA, P. 993–1000

“Inconsistency Over Time in the Preferences of Older Persons with Advanced Illness for Life-Sustaining Treatment” by Terri R. Fried, MD, John O’Leary, MA, Peter Van Ness, PhD, and Liana Fraenkel, MD, MPH, P. 1007–1014

“Depressive Symptoms in Older African-American and White Adults with Functional Difficulties: The Role of Control Strategies” by Laura N. Gitlin, PhD, Walter W. Hauck, PhD, Marie P. Dennis, PhD, and Richard Schulz, PhD, P. 1023–1030

“Mortality Risk in Older Inner-City African Americans” by Theodore K. Malmstrom, PhD, Elena M. Andresen, PhD, Fredric D. Wolinsky, PhD J. Philip Miller, AB, Kathryn Stamps, MPH, and Douglas K. Miller, MD, P. 1049–1055

“Increasing Generic Drug Use in Medicare Part D: The Role of Government” (See editorial comments by Dr. Richard Stefanacci on pp 11341136) by Senator Herb Kohl, (D-Wis.) and William H. Shrank, MD, MSHS, P.1106–1109

“Effect of the Medicaid Deficit Reduction Act on Older Adults” by Diana B. Koss, MD, P. 1110–1114

July 9, 2007

An Article of Pain Medicine

As pre-released online. Full content is available by subscription only.

Original Articles

“Physicians Being Deceived” by Beth Jung, EdD, MD, MPH, and Marcus M. Reidenberg, MD

A new Issue of Journal of Medicine and Philosophy

Volume 32 Issue 3 of Journal of Medicine and Philosophy is available.
“The Ethics of NBIC Convergence” by George Khushf, P. 185

“Converging Technologies and Human Destiny” by William Sims Bainbridge, P. 197

“Knots and Strands: An Argument for Productive Disillusionment” by Alfred Nordmann, P. 217

“Some Pitfalls in the Philosophical Foundations of Nanoethics” by Jean-Pierre Dupuy, P. 237

“Re-Inventing Ourselves: The Plasticity of Embodiment, Sensing, and Mind” by Andy Clark, P. 263

“Nano-Technology and Privacy: On Continuous Surveillance Outside the Panopticon” by Jeroen Van Den Hoven; Pieter E. Vermaas, P. 283

“Open Questions in the Ethics of Convergence by George Khushf, P. 299

July 6, 2007

A new Article from Transplant International

Volume 20 Issue 8 of Transplant International is now available. Full Content is available by subscription only.

“ABO-incompatible liver transplantation for critically ill adult patients” by Christian Toso, Mohammed Al-Qahtani, Faisal A. Alsaif, David L. Bigam, Glenda A. Meeberg, A. M. James Shapiro, Vincent G. Bain and Norman M. Kneteman, P. 675–681

“Adherence, depression and quality of life in patients on a renal transplantation waiting list” by Beril Akman, Murathan Uyar, Baris Afsar, Siren Sezer, Fatma Nurhan Ozdemir and Mehmet Haberal, P. 682–687

A new Article from Pediatric Transplantation

As pre-released online. Full content is available by subscription only.

Editorial

“Cord blood transplantation for sickle cell anemia: Bust or boom?” by Mark C. Walters, MD

July 5, 2007

A new Issue of Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

As pre-released online. Full content is available by subscription only.

Editorials

“Who Is Responsible for a Nursing Home Residents’ Daily Oral Care?” by Kenneth Shay, DDS, MS

International Health Affairs

“Japan’s Universal Long-Term Care System Reform of 2005: Containing Costs and Realizing a Vision” by Takako Tsutsui, PhD, and Naoko Muramatsu, PhD

Brief Reports

“Barriers to and Facilitators of Clinical Practice Guideline Use in Nursing Homes” by Cathleen S. Colón-Emeric, MD, MHSc, Deborah Lekan, MSN, RNC, Queen Utley-Smith, EdD, RN, Natalie Ammarell, PhD, Donald Bailey, PhD, RN, Kirsten Corazzini, PhD, Mary L. Piven, PhD, RN, and Ruth A. Anderson, PhD, RN

June 20, 2007

A new Article from Theology and Science

Volume 5 Issue 2 of Theology and Science is now available. Full content is available by subscription only.

“Is it the Lure of Ethical Laxity that Woos stem cell scientists to Singapore?” by Ted Peters, P. 119

June 19, 2007

A new issue of Sociology of Health & Illness

As pre-released online. Full content is available by subscription only.

Original Articles

“Choosing embryos: ethical complexity and relational autonomy in staff accounts of PGD” by Kathryn Ehrich, Clare Williams, Bobbie, Farside, Jane Sandall and Rosamund Scott

“‘It puts things out of your control’: fear of consequences as a barrier to patient disclosure of mental health issues to general practitioners” by Kevin Dew, Sonya Morgan, Anthony Dowell, Deborah McLeod, Josh Bushnell and Sunny Collings

“Learning disability and the limits of liberal citizenship: interactional impediments to political empowerment” by Marcus Redley and Darin Weinberg

“The (ir)relevence of genetics: engendering parallel worlds of procreation and reproduction” by Victoria M. Grace and Ken R. Daniels

“The fuzzy buzz word: conceptualisations of disability in disability research classics” by Lars Grönvik

“The loss of possibility: scientisation of death and the special case of early miscarriage” by Julia Frost, Harriet Bradley, Ruth Levitas, Lindsay Smith and Jo Garcia

A new issue of Bioethics

As pre-released online. Full content is available by subscription only.

Original Articles

“Should We Prevent Non-Therapeutic Mutilations and Extreme Body Modifications?” by Thomas Schramme

“The Development and Nature of the Ordinary/Extraordinary Means Distinction in the Roman Catholic Tradition” by Scott M. Sullivan

“Uses of Respect and uses of the Human Embryo” by Susan Gibson

“Genetic Enhancement – A Threat to Human Rights?” by Elizabeth Fenton

June 18, 2007

A new Issue of Xenotransplantation

As pre-released online. Full content is available by subscription only.

Xenotransplantation literature update

“Xenotransplantation literature update MarchApril, 2007″ by Reto M. Baertschiger and Leo H. Buhler

Original Articles

“No evidence of PERV infection in healthcare workers exposed to transgenic porcine liver extracorporeal support” by Marlon F. Levy, Takele Argaw, Carolyn A. Wilson, James Brooks, Paul Sandstrom, Harriet Merks, John Logan and Goran Klintmalm

A new Issue of American Journal of Bioethics

Volume 7 Issue 6 of American Journal of Bioethics. Full content is available by subscription only.

“Kant Condemned All Suicide”by Stephen R. Latham, P.49

“Suicide Fails to Pass the Categorical Imperative” by Constance Perry, P. 51

“Morality of Suicide in Dementia”by Delia Outomuro, P. 64

Review of Linda Farber Post, Jeffrey Blustein, and Nancy Neveloff Dubler, Handbook for Health Care Ethics Committees by George J. Agich, P. 66

Review of Kaushik Sunder Rajan, Biocapital: The Constitution of Postgenomic Life by Kean Birch P. 67

Review of Alan Cribb, Health and the Good Society: Setting Healthcare Ethics in Social Context by Emily L. Evans, P. 69

 

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