November 6, 2013
Doctors given duty to report female genital mutilation
Treat female genital mutilation as child abuse and act accordingly. That’s the message of a report launched in the UK this week calling for a concerted effort by school nurses, doctors and other health workers to help eradicate a procedure that has been illegal in the country since 1985, but which has never resulted in a prosecution. (New Scientist)
November 5, 2013
Diversity correlates with success: Gender and synthetic biology
In iGEM, human practices are about thinking outside the technical aspects of a scientific question and including social, economic, and communication aspects to solve scientific issues. When we talked to experts to learn more about those aspects in TB, we discovered that there was a gender bias in TB epidemiology, that has biological and social causes. This lead us to reflect on gender bias in our own community. (Scientific American)
October 31, 2013
Breast cancer ‘rising in under-40s’ across Europe
Cases of breast cancer in women under 40 are rising across Europe, research suggests. Experts say it is unclear whether this is due to improved diagnosis or new risk factors. A study in Cancer Epidemiology found cases rose by about 1% a year between 1990 and 2008 in seven countries. (BBC)
October 30, 2013
U.N. report: Too many girls too young to give birth
One in every five girls (about 19%) gives birth before she turns 18 in developing countries, according to the report. Of the 7.3 million girls who give birth every year, 2 million of them are under the age of 14. (CNN)
October 28, 2013
Lupus affects younger black women disproportionately
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, or lupus, disproportionately affects young African-American women and at a comparatively early age, U.S. researchers say. (UPI)
October 24, 2013
Second report of the Inter-Departmental Ministerial Group on Human Trafficking
This is the second report of the IDMG on human trafficking; the group with responsibility for overseeing and assessing the UK’s efforts to tackle human trafficking and modern slavery. The report provides an assessment of human trafficking in the UK building on the first report of the group which was published in October 2012. (Gov.UK)
October 23, 2013
Breast cancer ‘worse’ in young, black women
Young black women in the UK are more likely than their white counterparts to develop “worse” breast cancer with a poorer prognosis, research suggests. This group has larger, more aggressive tumours with a higher risk of recurrence. This is despite having the same access to treatment, the study in the British Journal of Cancer shows. (BBC)
Surrogacy stakeholders draw up guidelines
The first-ever Indian Society for Third-Party Assisted Reproduction (INSTAR) has now been formed. Infertility experts, lawyers, embryologists and social workers from 15 states including Gujarat have joined hands to enforce self-imposed moral and ethical guidelines for the welfare of surrogates in India. (Times of India)
October 18, 2013
El Salvador: Where women may be jailed for miscarrying
El Salvador has one of the toughest anti-abortion laws in the world. A side-effect is that women who suffer miscarriages are sometimes suspected of inducing an abortion – and can even be jailed for murder. (BBC)
More young women serving as egg donors, report says
More young women than ever are donating their eggs to help other people become parents, according to a new report in the Journal of the American Medical Association. From 2000 to 2010, the number of donor eggs used for in vitro fertilization, or IVF, increased about 70 percent, from 10,801 to 18,306. The increase in egg donation is more likely due to advances in assisted reproductive technology, and more acceptance of the idea culturally, Dr. Jennifer Kawwass of Emory University, who led the study. (NBC News)
Nanotech system, cellular heating may improve treatment of ovarian cancer
The combination of heat, chemotherapeutic drugs and an innovative delivery system based on nanotechnology may significantly improve the treatment of ovarian cancer while reducing side effects from toxic drugs, researchers at Oregon State University report in a new study. The findings, so far done only in a laboratory setting, show that this one-two punch of mild hyperthermia and chemotherapy can kill 95 percent of ovarian cancer cells, and scientists say they expect to improve on those results in continued research. (Phys.org)
October 15, 2013
A New Edition of Human Reproduction is Available
Human Reproduction (Volume 28, No. 11, November 2013) is now available online by subscription only.
- “Recurrent miscarriage: do professionals adhere to their guidelines” by E. van den Boogaard, et al.
- “Influence of cell loss after vitrification or slow-freezing on further in vitro development and implantation of human Day 3 embryos” by L. Van Landuyt, et al.
- “The time aspect in storing vitrified blastocysts: its impact on survival rate, implantation potential and babies born” by B. Wirleitner, et al.
- “Individualized decision-making in IVF: calculating the chances of pregnancy” by L.L. van Loendersloot, et al.
- “Follicular flushing and in vitro fertilization outcomes in the poorest responders: a randomized controlled trial” by Evelyn Mok-Lin, et al.
- “Uterine length and fertility outcomes: a cohort study in the IVF population” by L.K. Hawkins, et al.
- “Socioeconomic disparities in access to ART treatment and the differential impact of a policy that increased consumer costs” by G.M. Chambers, et al.
- “Socioeconomic status affects the prevalence, but not the perinatal outcomes, of in vitro fertilization pregnancies” by Sari Räisänen, et al.
October 11, 2013
Gender-based abortions spark outrage in England
A group of Christian lawyers plans to sue two medical doctors who have raised a storm of controversy for arranging the abortion of female fetuses because the parents wanted boys. Andrea Williams, CEO of the London-based Christian Concern, said her group would file suit against the doctors since the government declined to charge them. In an Oct. 7 letter to the attorney general, Director of Public Prosecutions Keir Starmer said the Abortion Act of 1967 “does not expressly prohibit gender specific abortions.” (Washington Post)
October 8, 2013
A New Edition of The Journal of the American Medical Association is Available
The Journal of the American Medical Association (Volume 310, No. 13, October 2, 2013) is now available online by subscription only.
- “Pricing for Orphan Drugs: Will the Market Bear What Society Cannot?” by Brian P. O’Sullivan, et al.
- “Investing in Evidence-Based Care for the Severely Mentally Ill” by Mark Olfson, et al.
- “The Women’s Health Initiative—A Victory for Women and Their Health” by Elizabeth G. Nabel, et al.
- “Protection of Patients From Physician Substance Misuse” by Andrew Stolbach, et al.
- “Protection of Patients From Physician Substance Misuse—Reply” by Julius Cuong Pham, et al.
October 7, 2013
It’s time to rediscover the IUD, women’s health advocates say
IUDs are highly effective forms of contraception, but fear of side effects, lack of training for doctors and costs can keep women away. Health organizations and private companies are trying to change that by breaking down misconceptions and broadening access. (NPR)
October 4, 2013
A New Edition of The Journal of the American Medical Association is Available
The Journal of the American Medical Association (Volume 310, No. 11, September 18, 2013) is now available online by subscription only.
- “The HIPAA Conundrum in the Era of Mobile Health and Communications” by C. Jason Wang and Delphine J. Huang
- “PEPFAR’s Antiprostitution Pledge: Spending Power and Free Speech in Tension” by Lawrence O. Gostin
- “Managing Substance Dependence as a Chronic Disease: Is the Glass Half Full or Half Empty?” by Patrick G. O’Connor
- “Chronic Care Management for Dependence on Alcohol and Other Drugs: The AHEAD Randomized Trial” by Richard Saitz, et al.
- “Genetic Damage Linked to Elevated Arsenic Levels in Rice” by M. J. Friedrich
- “Improving the Mental Health of Perinatal Women” by M. J. Friedrich
October 2, 2013
The Pill’s link to depression still unclear
Young women using hormone-based contraceptives, including the Pill, were no more likely to be depressed than other women in a new U.S. study. In fact, the women in their 20s and 30s on hormonal contraceptives had fewer symptoms of depression than their peers using other types of contraception or no contraception at all, researchers found. (Baltimore Sun)
September 30, 2013
Outsourcing a life
This story was primarily reported over 13 days in May and June in Anand and Khambhat, India. Further reporting was done in San Carlos and San Francisco. The Akanksha Infertility Clinic in Anand allowed a Chronicle reporter and photographer full access to its facilities, except for the delivery room. The scenes and conversations in this story were either witnessed firsthand or reconstructed through interviews with those present. Interpreter Jignasha Pandya helped conduct all interviews with those who spoke the Indian language of Gujarati and contributed reporting. (San Francisco Chronicle)
September 27, 2013
A New Edition of Human Reproductive Update is Available
Human Reproductive Update (Volume 19, No. 5, September/October 2013) is now available online by subscription only.
- “IVF for unexplained infertility” by Z. Pandian and S. Bhattacharya
- “Progesterone elevation and probability of pregnancy after IVF: a systematic review and meta-analysis of over 60 000 cycles” by C.A. Venetis, et al.
- “What is the optimal means of preparing the endometrium in frozen–thawed embryo transfer cycles? A systematic review and meta-analysis” by Eva R. Groenewoud,et al.
A New Edition of The European Journal of Human Genetics is Available
The European Journal of Human Genetics (Volume 21, No. 9, September 2013) is now available online by subscription only.
- “Broad consent versus dynamic consent in biobank research: Is passive participation an ethical problem?” by Kristin Solum Steinsbekk, et al.
- “Prenatal diagnostic testing of the Noonan syndrome genes in fetuses with abnormal ultrasound findings” by Ellen A Croonen, et al.
- “Trends in maternal age distribution and the live birth prevalence of Down’s syndrome in England and Wales: 1938–2010” by Jianhua Wu and Joan K Morris
A New Edition of New Genetics and Society is Available
New Genetics and Society (Volume 32, No. 3, September 2013) is now available online by subscription only.
- “Road-maps and revelations: on the somatic ethics of genetic susceptibility” by Christopher Groves
- “‘It just becomes much more complicated’: Genetic counselors’ views on genetics and prenatal testing” by Susan Markens